Healthy behaviours are influenced in many ways and in all contexts of life – at school, work, home and in neighbourhoods.
They may be helped or hindered by such things as individual perspectives of parenting practices, ideas about safety, and urban design. This research focuses on understanding the roles of these factors during key life transition periods, such as that between childhood and adolescence and therefore represents critical windows of opportunity for intervention.
Better understanding of these influences and how they interact over time will help to identify ways to improve population rates of physical activity, healthy eating and obesity by identifying important levers for policy and programs across a range of sectors.
It is worth noting that the findings in this report are based on studies that can show associations (links) between factors and a child’s physical activity or eating behaviour, rather than show causation.